- The birth place of Lord Rama set on the right bank of the river Ghagra or Saryu is associated with several mythological legends.
- Regarded as one of the seven most sacred cities of India.
- Atharvaveda describes it as ‘a city built by Gods and being prosperous as paradise itself.
- Other religions have also flourished here and relics of Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be seen.
- Lord Buddha is said to have visited the place many times.
- Jains believed that five of the twenty four tirthankars were born here, including Adinath (Rishabhadeva), the first Jain tirthankara.
MODE OF COMMUNICATION:
- Airport: Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Lucknow (LKO), 134 kms away from Ayodhya town. Allahabad Airport, Allahabad (IXD), 166 kms away from Ayodhya town.
- Rail: Ayodhya Railway Station, Ayodhya, 1.5 kms away from Ayodhya centre of town.
- Road: Well connected by road.
SIGHTSEEING AT A GLANCE
Hanuman Garhi Kanak Bhawan (Sone-ke-Ghar) Nageshwarnath Temple Ramkot Sri Ramjanma Bhoomi Treta ke Thakur Jain Shrines
Ram ka Paidi Guptar Ghat
ATTRACTIONS OF AYODHYA
- Hanuman Garhi:
- Sacred shrine of Lord Hanuman is housed in a fortified structure, in the heart of the town.
- It can be reached by a flight of 76 steps and devotees believe that their wishes are fulfilled by the deity.
- Kanak Bhawan (Sone-ke-Ghar):
- It was built in 1891, by Vrishbhanu Kuvari and is one of the finest temples of the town.
- It enshrines beautiful images of Rama and Sita.
- Nageshwarnath Temple:
- It is the only shrine of Lord Shiva in Ayodhya.
- According to legends the shrine was built by Kush, the son of Lord Rama.
- Ancient citadel with temples and maths (monasteries) is the main site of pilgrimage in Ayodhya.
- A large number of devotees visit the site during the celebrations of Ramnavami (March/ April), the birth anniversary of Lord Rama.
- Sri Ramjanma Bhoomi:
- Makeshift shrine of Lord Rama is set on one of the most disputed religious sites in the world.
- It is believed to be the birth place of Lord Rama and discovered by king Vikramaditya.
- Ram ka Paidi:
- It is one of the most impressive ghats on the river Saryu.
- Guptar Ghat:
- Beautiful bathing ghats were built by Raja Darshan Singh in early parts of 19th century.
- A palace atop the ghats has a Sita – Ram temple.
- Lord Rama is said to have entered the river on his final journey to heaven and his last rites were performed at the Swargadwar Ghat.
- Treta ke Thakur:
- Temple marks the site where Lord Rama is said to have performed the Ashvamedha Yagna.
- Jain Shrines:
- Ayodhya is believed to be the birthplace of five Jain tirthankaras.
- Kesari Singh, the treasurer of the Nawab of Faizabad built five temples to mark the sacred sites.
ATTRACTIONS AROUND AYODHYA
- Just 7 kms away from Ayodhya town.
- Historic town set on the left bank of the Ghaghara River was the first capital of Nawabs of Avadh.
- It developed during the reign of Safdar Jang, the second Nawab (1739-54).
- The town further prospered under his successor Shuja-ud-Daula, who built the Chhota Calcutta fort and many other magnificent buildings here.
- Bahu Begum the wife of Shuja-ud-Daula was a woman of great distinction and rank.
- Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her.
- From the date of Bahu Begum’s death in 1815, till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad gradually fell into decay.
- The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-daula.
- Today, Faizabad is the district headquarters and is an important historical and religious centre.
- It is a fine base to visit the sacred city of Ayodhya.