- Jaipur, the “Pink City” of the India was the former capital of the Kachhawahas.
- When, towards evening, the setting sun lights up the pink buildings, the effect is almost magical.
- Founded in 1727, by Sawai Jai Singh and was named after him.
- The designing of the city was entrusted upon a young and talented Bengali architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya.
- Jaipur is perhaps the first planned city of India.
- It was laid with great precision on the basis of principles of “Shilp Shastra”, the ancient Hindu treatise on architecture.
- City was built in the form of a rectangle divided into blocks (Chowkries) with roads and avenues running parallel to the sides.
- In 1863, Jaipur dressed itself in Pink to welcome Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria and the colour become an integral part of the city.
- Today, the city is a fine fusion of antiquity and modernity, excellent planning, unique architecture and colourful lifestyle of the city can excite even the most seasoned tourist.
MODE OF COMMUNICATION:
- Airport: Jaipur International Airport (JAI), Jaipur, 15 kms away from Jaipur city centre.
- Rail: Jaipur Railway Station, Jaipur, 1 km away from Jaipur city centre.
- Road: Well connected with NH 8 and NH 11. 262 kms from Delhi and 240 kms from Agra.
SIGHTSEEING AT A GLANCE:
|FORT & MONUMENTS
- City Palace Complex
- Jantar Mantar
- Hawa Mahal
- Govt. Central Museum (Albert Hall)
- Jal Mahal
- Statue Circle
- Moti Dungri
- Amber Fort
- Jaigarh Fort
- Nahargarh Fort
- Samode Palace
- Govind Devji Temple
- Birla Temple
- Jagat Shiromani Temple
- Ram Niwas Garden
- Kanak Vrindavan Garden Complex
- Ghat Ki Guni
|MUSEUM & AUDITORIUM
- City Palace Complex
- Govt. Central Museum (Albert Hall)
- Ravindra Manch
- Dolls Museum
- Birla Auditorium
- Swargasuli (Isar Lat)
- Maharani Ki Chhatri
ATTRACTIONS OF JAIPUR
City Palace Complex:
- Built between 1729 to 1732 by Sawai Jai Singh in the heart of the old city are.
- Complex is surrounded by a high wall and is divided into a series of courtyards, gardens and other building.
- A splendid fusion of Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture.
- Magnificent Chandra Mahal occupies the centre stage and is still the residence of erstwhile ruling family.
- Outer courtyards have architectural beauties like Mubarak Mahal, Sarvatobhabra, Diwan Khana and Pritam Niwas.
- The most interesting exhibits at city palace includes, the two huge silver urns known as Gangajalis, which are placed outside the Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience.
- The silver urns finds mention in “Guiness Book of World Records”, as being the largest silver objects in the world.
Govind Devji Temple:
- Near Chandra, part of the City Palace complex.
- It is dedicated to Lord Krishna.
- This open air observatory is set outside the gateway of the City Palace Complex.
- It was built in 1728, by Sawai Jai Singh II and is one of the five observatories built by him.
- A specialized function for astronomical measurement.
Hawa Mahal or the ‘Palace of Winds’:
- Hawa Mahal is the Icon of Jaipur.
- It was built in 1799, by the poet king Sawai Pratap Singh for the royal ladies to enjoy the procession and day to day activities from the cool confinement of the majestic facade.
- The five storeyed semi-octagonal structures have 953 inches and 152 windows, with overhanging latticed balconies, curvilinear roofs, domes and spires.
Swargasuli (Isar Lat):
- Imposing minaret was built by Sawai Ishwari Singh in 1749, to commemorate a grand victory.
- Dominates the skyline on the western side of the Tripolia Bazar and affords a fine view of the city.
Ram Niwas Garden:
- Beautiful garden near Ajmeri Gate was built by Sawai Ram Singh in 1868.
- It across an area of four acres and have a Zoo, a bird par, a playground, exhibition ground and a gymnasium.
Govt. Central Museum (Albert Hall):
- Magnificent building built in Indo-Saracenic style is set in the lush Ram Niwas Garden.
- Designed by Sir Swinton Jacob and inaugurated in 1863, by Prince Albert.
- Albert Hall was opened in 1887 as a public museum and now functions as the State Museum of Rajasthan.
- Located within the Ram Nivas gardens.
- Rajasthani dance, music and plays are held here in the evenings.
- A small art gallery exhibiting works of well-known modern artists and the sculptors of Rajasthan.
- Situated on the J L Nehru Marg, near Police Memorial.
- A rich collection of beautiful dolls from all over the world.
- It is the part of the Birla Science and Technology Centre at Statue Circle.
- The audio-visual display at the planetarium with the help of computerised projection system is educative and entertaining.
- There is an interactive science museum, a library, a computer centre, an information processing and dissemination cell etc.
- The state-of-the-art main auditorium is one of the largest in the country, with a seating capacity 1,350.
- This ancient Hindu pilgrim site associated with sage Galava nestles low hills.
- Sacred site is studded with temples, pavilions and holy kunds.
- Temple of Sun God built by Diwan Kriparam is the most important shrine of Galtaji.
- The Magnificent temple just below Moti Doongri.
- Its excellent architecture and exquisite carvings on white marble.
- The royal crematorium at the foot hills of Nahargarh fort has cenotaphs.
- Memorial of various distinguished members of the royal family of Jaipur.
Maharani Ki Chhatri:
- Located just before the Ramgarh road crossing.
- The funeral place for royal ladies.
- Some exquisitely carved cenotaphs can be seen here.
Kanak Vrindavan Garden Complex:
- The beautiful temple-garden complex lies on Jaipur – Delhi highway, near Jal Mahal.
- It is a popular for picnic site.
Ghat Ki Guni:
- This scenic narrow gorge along the Agra road.
- Beautifully landscaped gardens built during the 18th and 19th centuries.
- The important ones are – Sisodia Rani Gardens & Palace and Vidhyadhar Garden.
- In the midst of picturesque Man Sagar lake on the way to Amber Fort 6 kms from city centre.
- Built by Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799.
- Summer resort of the erstwhile royal family.
- Located at a busy traffic junction, the Statue Circle in Jaipur city.
- A popular famous circle of Pink City.
- Itis a favourite place for evening walkers, morning joggers, etc.
- Small hill Moti Dungri looks like a drop of pearl.
- Private property of the royal family.
- This place is famous for temple of Lord Ganesh.
ATTRACTIONS OF AROUND JAIPUR
- Just 11 kms from Jaipur city centre.
- It was the capital of Kachhwaha’s of the old state of Dhundhar for over six centuries, before the birth of Jaipur.
- The mighty Amber Fort stands atop a range of craggy hills overlooking the Jaipur – Delhi highway.
- Fort is a fine blend of Rajput and Mughal styles.
- Original palace was built by Raja Man Singh.
- Majestic Amber Palace complex is approached through an imposing gateway called as ‘Ganesh Pol’.
- It has magnificent halls, pavilions, gardens and temples built by Raja Man Singh.
- The main sites here includes, Diwan-i-Am or the ‘Hall for the Public Audiences’, Sukh Niwas or the ‘Hall of Pleasure’, Jai Mandir or the ‘Hall of Victory’, Sheesh Mahal or ‘Hall of Mirrors’, Diwan-i-Khas or the ‘Private Meeting Hall’ and Jas Mandir or ‘Hall of Glory’ etc.
Jagat Shiromani Temple:
- Beautifully carved shrine is located at the foothills of the Amber Fort just 11 kms from Jaipur city centre.
- Enshrines an idol of Lord Krishna.
- Regarded as one of the marvels of Indian temple architecture.
- Almost 15 kms from Jaipur city centre.
- Hill-top fortress overlooks the palaces and the old town of Amber.
- It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II in 1726.
- Few fortresses of medieval India which are still preserved, almost intact.
- Within its rugged bastions are beautiful palaces, and gardens.
- ‘Jai Ban’, the world’s biggest cannon on wheels is placed here.
- 15 kms from Jaipur city centre.
- Third hill-top fort guarding the Jaipur city.
- Initially built by Sawai Jai Singh in 1734 and later enlarged by Sawai Ram Singh.
- 12 kms from Jaipur city centre.
- Small town is famous for the beautifully carved Jain temples and palace ruins.
- Renowned for hand block printed textiles and hand-made paper.
- 40 kms from Jaipur city centre.
- This quaint village is known for the Samode Palace of Nathawat family.
- It is now a famous heritage hotel.
- Other attractions are Samode Garden and Samode Haveli.
- Town located 96 kms from Jaipur city.
- Attractive points of Tonk are Sunehari Kothi - a magnificent hall and Arabic Persian Research Institute (APRI) - promotion and furtherance of Arabic and Persian studies.
- Also famous for its leather and felt industry.
- 35 kms away from Jaipur city.
- Well known for hand block printing on cloth known as Bagru Prints.
Sariska Tiger Reserve:
- 800 sq. kms park situated 107 kms from Jaipur city.
- Sariska Comprises of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravali hill range.
- Broad range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological.
- Village about 95 kms away from Jaipur city on the way to Jaipur-Agra.
- There is a Harshat Mata Temple and it is the exampleof 10th century architectural and sculptural styles.
- It is located 182 kms away from Jaipur city.
- Well known for famous temples Shri Madan Mohan Temple, Shri Mahaveer Temple, Shri Kaila Devi Temple, Shri Balaji Temple etc.
- It is located 75 kms away from Jaipur city on the way to Jaipur-Alwar highway.
- There is some very unique and historical Venus.
- A complex of rock shelter and natural cave shelters found here.