The holy land of Ganga and Yamuna is a place of never – ending history and unlimited legends.
For instance the ghats at Varanasi never fail to fascinate.
Just like the tales of Rani of Jhansi, the faint echoes of striking swords at Kalinjar in Bundelkhand.
The Triveni (confluence of three holy ricers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati) at Allahabad and the culture and architecture of Avadh at Lucknow.
Wonderful Taj Mahal and Mughal splendour at Agra and Fatepur Sikri and the route to nirvana at Sarnath.
Rich and colourful history of the State goes back to Vedic times.
It finds mention in Rig Veda as Brahmarishi Desa or Madhya Desa.
State also features prominently in the two great epics of India, the Ramayana and the Mahabharta.
In 6th century B.C., the region became a great centre of two new religions Jainism and Buddishm.
Later on, several great centres of learning like Ayodhya, Prayag, Varnasi and Mathura emerged here.
In medieval period Uttar Pradesh passed into the hands of Muslim rulers and a fine blend Hindu and Islamic culture can be witnessed here with great contributions from sage-poets like Ramananda and his disciple Kabir, Tulsidas and Birbal etc.
State also played a very significant role in the national politics in the pre and post-independence era.
Uttar Pradesh, the land of diverse cultures is studded with temples and monuments of all religions.
It is also the heartland of Hindi, the principal indigenous language of India and is endowed with rich natural wealth.
Area: 2,38,566 sq. kms.
Population: 19,98,12,341 (2011)
Languages: Hindi, Urdu
Best Season: October to March
Famous For: Taj Mahal, Pilgrim Centres, Handicrafts.
Winter (January and February): 80 C to 270 C
Pre Monsoon (March, April and May): 160 C to 400 C
Monsoon (June, July, August and September): 250 C to 390 C
Post Monsoon (October, November and December): 100 C to 330 C