- Bharatpur, the ‘Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan’.
- Founded in 1733, by Maharaja Suraj Mal.
- It was once an impregnable fortified city of the Mewat region.
- According to a legend, the city is named after Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama.
- The city and the fort are said to be originally founded by Rustam, a Jat of Sogariya clan.
MODE OF COMMUNICATION:
- Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi, 195 kms distance from Bharatpur city centre.
- Rail: Bharatpur Railway Station, Bharatpur, 3.5 kms away from Bharatpur city centre.
- Road: Well connected by Road. 56 kms from Agra, 176 kms from Delhi and 176 kms from Jaipur.
SIGHTSEEING AT A GLANCE:
|FORT & MONUMENTS
- Lohagarh or the ‘Iron Fort’
- Jawahar Burj & Fateh Burj
- The Palace
- Deeg Fort
- Ganga Mandir
- Laxman Mandir
|MUSEUM & AUDITORIUM
- Keoladeo Ghana National Park
- Bandh Baretha
ATTRACTIONS OF BHARATPUR
Keoladeo Ghana National Park:
- Paradise for the avian world and pilgrimage for the bird lovers was declared a reserve for birds in 1956.
- Sanctuary gained National Park status in 1982 and UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 1985.
- Named after the small shrine of Lord Keoladeo, an aspect of Shiva, located within a dense forest (Ghana).
- Sprawls over an area of 29 sq. kms. of wetlands on the main North – South avian route of India.
- There are 375 species of beautiful birds, including water birds as well as migratory water birds and waterside birds.
- Sanctuary not only attracts birds from India but also from places like Europe, Siberia, China and Tibet.
- Migratory birds includes species of cranes, pelicans, geese, ducks, eagles, hawks, shanks, stints, wagtails, warblers, wheatears, flycatchers, larks etc.
- Park remains busy all over the year with activities of the winged beauties.
- Best time to visit is between August and November for resident birds and October to February for the migratory birds.
- Best way to explore the park is on foot or bicycles which are available on hire.
Lohagarh or the ‘Iron Fort’:
- Impregnable fort withstood four British attacks and frustrated them to no ends.
- Finally, Lord Lake captured it in 1804.
- Surrounded by a moat and have a number of fine monuments.
- Housed in the ‘Kamra Khas’ within the fort.
- Exhibits a rich collection of antiquities, exquisite sculptures and some ancient inscriptions.
Jawahar Burj & Fateh Burj:
- These monuments inside the fort were built by Surajmal.
- Commemorate the victories over Mughals and British.
- Magnificent palace is a fine blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture.
- It was built in various phases by different Maharajas.
- Apartments are richly decorated with patterned floor tiles with exquisite designs.
- There is a museum in the central wing.
- Maharaja Balwant Singh started the construction in 1845.
- A beautiful piece of architecture.
- Famous for beautiful stone work with elaborate carvings from doorways to ceilings, pillars, walls and arches.
- Temple is dedicated to Laxman, brother of Lord Rama.
FAIRS & FESTIVALS OF BHARATPUR
Braj Holi is one of the most vivid and unique festivals in Rajasthan. It is held every year in the Shukla Paksha of the Phalgun month, a few days prior to Holi in the month of March which is celebrated for two days. This famous festival is the highlight of the city Bharatpur in Rajasthan. In this one can see revellers dressed colourfully dancing to the mellifluous folk music of Rajasthan. “Raslila Dance”, performed during these jolly moments. People gather to offer prayers to Lord before the ceremony of diving into the holy water at Banganga River ghats. The popular activities are folk performances, fireworks etc. Also sports like rural sports, kabaddi matches, women’s wrestling, tug of war and cricket.
For more Information, kindly visit :- http://www.tourism.rajasthan.gov.in/fairs-and-festivals.html
ATTRACTIONS AROUND BHARATPUR
- 35 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Built by Maharaja Suraj Mal.
- Stands majestically over a slightly elevated point.
- Surrounded by impressive moats, ramparts and gateways.
- 45 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Fort here is considered to be the 3rd largest in India.
- Famous fort known as Bijay Garh was built by the famous King Banasur.
- First Mughal emperor Babar described it as one of the most famous forts in India.
- 65 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Old wildlife reserve of the state.
- There is an old palace, which is still the private property of Bharatpur Royal family.
- Inhabited animals like sambhar, chital, blue bull, wild boar, hyena, leopard etc.
- Inhabited by 200 rare species of birds.
- A very old town in the north of Bharatpur, 58 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Sacred town of Hindus.
- Kaman is the short name of Kadambawana for numerous Kadhamba trees are found here.
- A place of pilgrimage, which is visited by a large number of Vaishnavas in the month of Bhadon as a part of Banyatra.