- Sacred secular town was founded in the 7th century by Raja Ajaipal Chauhan and become the famous bastion of the Chauhan Rajputs.
- A popular pilgrimage centre for the Muslims as well as Hindus.
- Ajmer is a centre of culture and education.
- It was also a favourite residence for the great Mughals.
MODE OF COMMUNICATION:
- Airport: Sanganer Airport, Jaipur (JAI), 131 kms away from Ajmer.
- Rail: Ajmer Railway Station, Ajmer, 1 km away from Ajmer city centre.
- Road: Well connected with NH 8.
SIGHTSEEING AT A GLANCE:
FORT & MONUMENTS
Magazine Circuit House Taragarh Fort Man Mahal Pushkar Palace
Dargah Khwaja Sahib Adhai-Din-Ka-Jhonpra Nasiyan (Red Temple) Pushkar Brahma Temple Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Mandir Warah Temple Savitri Temple Temple of Rangji or Shri Vaikunthnath Ji
MUSEUM & AUDITORIUM
Rajputana Museum Mayo College
Ana Sagar Visal Sar Pushkar Lake
Prithviraj Chauhan Smarak Kishangarh
FAIRS & FESTIVALS
For more information visit https://ajmer.rajasthan.gov.in/
ATTRACTIONS OF AJMER
Dargah Khwaja Sahib:
- 13th century Dargah is one of the holiest Muslim shrines in the country.
- Millions of pilgrims from all over the world flock here to seek the blessings and pay homage to the Khwaja.
- Dargah has a massive gate with silver doors, which were built by the Nizam of Hyderabad.
- Tomb richly adorned with gold and silver lies in a magnificent domed chamber in the centre of the second courtyard.
- Qawwals from all over the world come here to sing in the praise of the saint.
- On the right side of the courtyard is the Akbari Masjid in white marble by Akbar.
- There is another impressive mosque built by Shahjahan.
- Other attractions in the shrine are the two massive ‘degs’ (cauldrons) in which the ritual rice is cooked.
- The smaller ‘deg’ has a capacity of about 2240 kg. and the larger one can hold 4480 kg. of rice.
- The six day celebration of the Urs or death anniversary of Khwaja is the most important event of Ajmer.
- During this time millions of devotees from all sects and religions gather here.
- The relic of an old mosque lies to the west of Dargah.
- It was originally a Sanskrit college, within a temple enclosure and was destroyed by Mohammad Ghauri in 1193.
- It is said that he ordered, the mosque to be made ready on this site for his prayer within two and a half days.
- The archways are adorned with intricate carvings depicting ‘Kuft and Jughra’ inscriptions from the holy ‘Koran’.
- This innermost portion of the fort constructed by Akbar is the most important relic of Mughal history in the city.
- Main entrance to the building faces Naya Bazar and is provided with balconies (jharokhas) on the both side.
- Sir Thomas Roe, the British envoy, presented his credentials to Jahangir over here.
- It was set up by the Govt. of India for preservation.
- Study of unique and rare relics collected from the various states of Rajputana.
Nasiyan (Red Temple):
- Famous Digambar Jain temple was constructed in 1865.
- The Svarna Nagari Hall, behind the shrine exhibits gilt wooden representations of scenes from Jain mythology.
- This elite public school was established in 1875.
- Providing education to the children of the royal families in the country.
- Today, it is one of the premiere educational institutions of the India and is open to everybody.
- There is a museum displaying historical objects of interest and biological preservation.
- Overlooks the Ana Sagar Lake and was formerly the British Residency.
- Nearby, is the cenotaph and shrine of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj movement, who breathed his last at Ajmer.
- Beautiful 12th century artificial lake is named after Anaji Chauhan.
- Its huge embankment was erected with people’s help.
- The ‘Baradari’ or pavilions were constructed by Shah Jahan and the Daulat Bagh garden was laid by Jehangir.
- The pristine lake amidst sylvan surroundings.
- Built by King Visaldeva (1152-1163 AD)
- Designed lake the sacred Pushkar Lake.
Prithviraj Chauhan Smarak:
- The memorial on the way to Taragarh Fort commemorates Prithviraj Chauhan, the last Hindu emperor of India.
- A life-size statue of the king is erected amidst well laid-out gardens.
- Constructed in the 14th century.
- Temple dedicated to Lord Brahma.
- Marble floor around the silver turtle is embedded with hundreds of silver coins.
ATTRACTIONS AROUND AJMER
- 8 kms away from Ajmer city centre.
- The 7th century fort built by Ajaipal Chauhan is perched atop a hill.
- Earlier known as Ajaya-Meru-Durg.
- It is nearly 2-3 kms in circumference and has 9 impregnable gates.
- 12 kms away from Ajmer city centre.
- Picturesque pilgrim centre nestling amidst the rugged Aravali hills.
- Considered to be one of the most sacred pilgrimages for Hindus and is referred as ‘Tirth Raj’ or the ‘king of pilgrim centres’.
- It is believed that a pilgrimage to the sacred ‘Char Dhams’ is incomplete without a holy dip in the sacred waters of Pushkar.
- The sleepy town comes to life during the annual Pushkar fair held on Kartik Purnima.
- It has emerged as a major tourist attraction of the region.
- Tourists from all parts of the world gather here for this colourful fair.
Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Mandir:
- There are over 400 sacred shrines in and around Pushkar, but the most important is the temple of Lord Brahma.
- 14th century shrine set on a high plinth enshrines a four faced image of Lord Brahma, known as ‘Chaumurti’.
- Nearby is a small image of milkmaid Gayatri.
- Steps in the corner lead to a small cave dedicated to Lord Shiva.
- The temple walls are also adorned with graceful peacocks, the celestial vehicle of Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of wisdom and consort of Lord Brahma.
- This second most important shrine of Pushkar.
- Dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the form of Warah, the wild boar.
- Built by Chauhan King Anaji (1123-1150).
- Destroyed by Muhammad Ghauri after his victory over Ajmer.
- In 1806, Gokul Chand Parikh, a Scindia minister renovated the shrine.
- Shrine of Lord Brahma’s first wife is set on the hill behind the Brahma temple.
- It can be reached by a long flight of steps and affords a bird’s eye view of the lake and surrounding areas.
Temple of Rangji or Shri Vaikunthnath Ji:
- Magnificent shrine built in South Indian style is noted for its towering ‘Gopuram’ (gateway).
- Other important temples are – Apteshwar Mahadeo Temple, Baiji ka Mandir and Man Mandir.
- Sacred reservoir is said to be created by the falling of lotus petal from the hand of Lord Brahma.
- Lake is considered to be as old as the creation and one of the sacred ‘Panch Sarovar’ or Five Lakes.
- Other four are Man Sarovar, Bindu Sarovar, Narayan Sarovar and Pampa Sarovar.
- 52 bathing ghats around the lake.
- Devotees believe that a dip in the waters of the lake washes away the sins, especially during Kartik Poornima (Oct/ Nov).
- It was built by Raja Man Singh-I of Amber, as a royal guest house.
- Provides a fine view of the ghats.
- Guest house has been converted into a hotel.
- 400 year old palace of Maharaja of Kishangarh.
- It has been converted into a hotel.
- 27 kms away from Ajmer city.
- One of the finest schools of miniature paintings.
- Paintings of Bani Thani are most celebrated.
- Kishangarh is now an industrial town for marble and textiles.