- The ancient capital city has been a cradle of great dynasties and a living heritage of heroism.
- Its antiquity dates back to 8th century, when Suraj Sen, a chieftain, founded the city and named it after Gwalipa, a legendary saint who cured him of a deadly disease.
- Gwalior, the city of palaces, temples and monuments witnessed the rule of great Rajput clans like Pratiharas Kacchwahas and Tomars.
- Tradition as a royal capital continued until the formation of independent India, with the Scindia’s having their dynastic seat here.
MODE OF COMMUNICATION:
- Airport: Gwalior Airport, Gwalior (GWL), 11 kms away from Gwalior city centre.
- Rail: Gwalior Railway Station, Gwalior, 1 km away from Gwalior city centre.
- Road: Well connected by road.
SIGHTSEEING AT A GLANCE:
FORT & MONUMENTS
The Fort Man Mandir Palace Gujari Mahal Tansen’s Tomb Jai Vilas Palace Orchha
Teli-Ka-Mandir Sas Bahu Ka Mandir Sun Temple Sun Temple Orchha
MUSEUM & AUDITORIUM
Jai Vilas Museum Kala Vithika and Municipal Museum
Scindia School Memorials
FAIRS & FESTIVALS
- Tansen Samaroh or Tansen Sangeet Samaroh
- Bhavbhuti Samaroh
- Krishna Rao Samaroh
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ATTRACTIONS OF GWALIOR
- Magnificent fort atop Gopachal, a sandstone precipice 91 metres above the surrounding plain was built by Raja Mansingh Tomar.
- It dominates the city like a great monolith and was described as ‘the pearl amongst the fortresses of Hindu’, by Mughal emperor Babur.
- Imposing outer walls still stand, two miles in length and 35 feet high.
- A steep road winds upwards to the fort, flanked by statues of the Jain tirthankaras, carved into the rock face.
- Fort is dotted with various monuments which are marvels of medieval architecture.
Man Mandir Palace:
- Most impressive building in the fort was built by Raja Man Singh between 1486 and 1517.
- It witnessed many battles, jauhars and imprisonments.
- 9th century Pratihar Vishnu temple has a peculiar plan and design.
- Its roof is in Dravidian style, while the decorations inside are in Indo-Aryan style.
Sas Bahu Ka Mandir:
- 9th and 11th century ‘Mother and Daughter-in-law’ pair of temples are dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
- Elegant palace was built in 15th century by Raja Mansingh Tomar for his ‘Gujari’ queen, Mrignayani.
- Today, it houses an archaeological museum.
- One of the finest schools in India.
- One of the nine gems at Emperor Akbar’s court is a fine example of early Mughal architecture and a part of Gwalior’s living cultural heritage.
- Annual music festival is held here on a national scale in November/ December.
Jai Vilas Palace:
- Palace designed on the plan of an Italian palazzo is a fine blend of the Italian, the Tuscan and the Corinthian styles.
Jai Vilas Museum:
- Offers an unparalleled glimpse into the rich cultural and lifestyle of princely India.
- Some of the rich treasure exhibited here are –
- Napoleon’s golden table (one of the three in the world).
- A carpet showing Rana Pratap on horseback.
- A silver mini train with cut-glass wagons, which served guests as it chugged around on miniature rails on the table.
- A glass cradle from Italy used for baby Krishna on Janamashtami festival.
- Silver dinner sets and swords of Aurangzeb and Shah Jahan.
- Gwalior is also dotted with memorials of the earliest freedom fighters like Tantya Tope, Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi and several Scindia princes.
Kala Vithika and Municipal Museum:
- Kala Vithika houses a treasure of arts, while the natural history section of Municipal museum is worth visiting.
- Newly constructed temple near the Residency at Morar.
- Built on the lines of famous Sun Temple at Konark in Orissa.
ATTRACTIONS AROUND GWALIOR
- 124 kms away from Gwalior city.
- Medieval town was founded by Rudra Pratap along Betwa River.
- Retains the rich legacy of Bundela rulers, who built fine palaces and temples during 16th – 17th centuries.
- Magnificent fort complex is dotted with spectacular palaces and temples.
- 112 kms away from Gwalior city.
- Summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior is set amidst thick wooded hills, which were once inhabited by tigers and elephants.
- Magnificent palaces, hunting lodges and cenotaphs reflect the grandeur of the bygone era.