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- Bharatpur, the ‘Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan’.
- Founded in 1733, by Maharaja Suraj Mal.
- It was once an impregnable fortified city of the Mewat region.
- According to a legend, the city is named after Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama.
- The city and the fort are said to be originally founded by Rustam, a Jat of Sogariya clan.
MODE OF COMMUNICATION:
- Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi, 195 kms distance from Bharatpur city centre.
- Rail: Bharatpur Railway Station, Bharatpur, 3.5 kms away from Bharatpur city centre.
- Road: Well connected by Road. 56 kms from Agra, 176 kms from Delhi and 176 kms from Jaipur.
SIGHTSEEING AT A GLANCE:
|FORT & MONUMENTS
- Lohagarh or the ‘Iron Fort’
- Jawahar Burj & Fateh Burj
- The Palace
- Deeg Fort
- Ganga Mandir
- Laxman Mandir
|MUSEUM & AUDITORIUM
- Keoladeo Ghana National Park
- Bandh Baretha
ATTRACTIONS OF BHARATPUR
Keoladeo Ghana National Park:
- Paradise for the avian world and pilgrimage for the bird lovers was declared a reserve for birds in 1956.
- Sanctuary gained National Park status in 1982 and UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 1985.
- Named after the small shrine of Lord Keoladeo, an aspect of Shiva, located within a dense forest (Ghana).
- Sprawls over an area of 29 sq. kms. of wetlands on the main North – South avian route of India.
- There are 375 species of beautiful birds, including water birds as well as migratory water birds and waterside birds.
- Sanctuary not only attracts birds from India but also from places like Europe, Siberia, China and Tibet.
- Migratory birds includes species of cranes, pelicans, geese, ducks, eagles, hawks, shanks, stints, wagtails, warblers, wheatears, flycatchers, larks etc.
- Park remains busy all over the year with activities of the winged beauties.
- Best time to visit is between August and November for resident birds and October to February for the migratory birds.
- Best way to explore the park is on foot or bicycles which are available on hire.
Lohagarh or the ‘Iron Fort’:
- Impregnable fort withstood four British attacks and frustrated them to no ends.
- Finally, Lord Lake captured it in 1804.
- Surrounded by a moat and have a number of fine monuments.
- Housed in the ‘Kamra Khas’ within the fort.
- Exhibits a rich collection of antiquities, exquisite sculptures and some ancient inscriptions.
Jawahar Burj & Fateh Burj:
- These monuments inside the fort were built by Surajmal.
- Commemorate the victories over Mughals and British.
- Magnificent palace is a fine blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture.
- It was built in various phases by different Maharajas.
- Apartments are richly decorated with patterned floor tiles with exquisite designs.
- There is a museum in the central wing.
- Maharaja Balwant Singh started the construction in 1845.
- A beautiful piece of architecture.
- Famous for beautiful stone work with elaborate carvings from doorways to ceilings, pillars, walls and arches.
- Temple is dedicated to Laxman, brother of Lord Rama.
ATTRACTIONS OF AROUND BHARATPUR
- 35 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Built by Maharaja Suraj Mal.
- Stands majestically over a slightly elevated point.
- Surrounded by impressive moats, ramparts and gateways.
- 45 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Fort here is considered to be the 3rd largest in India.
- Famous fort known as Bijay Garh was built by the famous King Banasur.
- First Mughal emperor Babar described it as one of the most famous forts in India.
- 65 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Old wildlife reserve of the state.
- There is an old palace, which is still the private property of Bharatpur Royal family.
- Inhabited animals like sambhar, chital, blue bull, wild boar, hyena, leopard etc.
- Inhabited by 200 rare species of birds.
- A very old town in the north of Bharatpur, 58 kms away from Bharatpur city.
- Sacred town of Hindus.
- Kaman is the short name of Kadambawana for numerous Kadhamba trees are found here.
- A place of pilgrimage, which is visited by a large number of Vaishnavas in the month of Bhadon as a part of Banyatra.